Livestock and wild animals are important to their owners and the country. We found evidence of a relationship between livestock plants and increased COVID-19 case rates up to 150 km away from a plant, further supporting the notion of community spread beyond the immediate work context.††. Some ranchers have disputed the scientific "natural causes hypothesis" on the grounds that the mutilated animals often fall outside of the normal categories of natural deaths by predation or disease. This trend can also be found on the state level. Ag News; Fresno County Declare Emergency for Heat-Related Livestock Deaths. That the apparent absence of blood at mutilation sites may indicate cult members harvest it, That organs have been removed from cattle for use in rituals. For propensity-score matching, we first predicted the probability that a county has at least one livestock facility (binary value) using a binomial regression that includes all of the covariates from our primary model specification in Table 1, as well as their quadratic terms to increase model flexibility. Boston: Beacon Press, D. Albers, Michael, The Terror, pp. We next investigated whether there are differential relationships with COVID-19 transmission based on the size of processing facilities. In both cases, we see an increasing divergence in outcomes beginning in early April based on livestock-plant proximity. [11]:13 However, officers in charge were unable to determine responsibility or motive. We estimate livestock plants to be associated with 236,000 to 310,000 COVID-19 cases (6 to 8% of total) and 4,300 to 5,200 deaths (3 to 4% of total) as of July 21. The selection of this instrument was motivated by meat processors’ need to minimize costs of transporting livestock supply when selecting the location of plants. ), National Investigations Committee On Aerial Phenomena (1956-1980), Advanced Aerospace Threat Identification Program (2007–2012), Unidentified Aerial Phenomenon Task Force (current), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cattle_mutilation&oldid=994432921, Articles needing additional references from February 2008, All articles needing additional references, Articles with weasel words from April 2015, Articles needing more viewpoints from April 2014, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, To determine the reliability of the information on which the grant was based, which entailed gathering as much information as possible about the cases reported in New Mexico prior to May 1979, To determine the cause of as many mutilations as possible, especially those reported in New Mexico, To determine if livestock mutilations as described constitute a major law enforcement problem, If these mutilations do constitute a major law enforcement problem, to determine the scope of the problem and to offer recommendations on how to deal with it. 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